The spinal column is designed to protect the spinal cord while providing skeletal support and balance to the body, allowing humans to stand upright. Seen from the back, a healthy spinal column appears straight; from the side, it maintains a gentle curve. But when the spinal curves become exaggerated or curve in a direction they are not meant for, it can lead to discomfort and limited motion at its mildest, and severe debilitation at its worst. What causes spine curvature disorders and what can be done about them?
Spine curvature disorders fall largely into three categories, depending on where they occur and the nature of the curve:
To this day, modern medicine still does not know what causes most occurrences of scoliosis — the type that develops in adolescents — although there is evidence to suggest it is hereditary. For other types of scoliosis, as well as lordosis and kyphosis, there may be a variety of factors causing the curve. These may include:
Treatment plans for curvature of the spine can vary depending on how severe the curvature is, where it occurs and how it occurs. In mild cases that are not progressing, no treatment may be needed. In some cases, doctors may use a combination of exercise, physical therapy, braces and pain management to correct the curvature over time. In more severe, painful or debilitating cases, one or more surgical procedures may be needed to help realign the spine.
If you are suffering from a spine curvature disorder, there are a number of treatment options available to mitigate the pain, correct your posture and restore mobility. For a consultation and evaluations, call Polaris Spine and Neurosurgery Center at 404-256-2633.